September 21st, 2009
Dental calculus is more often referred to as tartar and is a hardened deposit of plaque found around the teeth and gums. Plaque is a filmy layer of bacteria that attacks tooth enamel and causes cavities and gum disease. Plaque can be kept at bay and removed by brushing teeth twice a day and flossing at least once a day, but once it has hardened into tartar or calculus it will need to be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
Once the bacteria and mineral deposits in plaque have hardened they can often cause more bacteria to stick to the teeth causing more problems. The first sign that you may be suffering from calculus is yellow or brown stains appearing on the teeth. It is a very porous material and attracts staining materials, especially from substances like tobacco smoke and coffee. If left untreated it can lead to cavities, periodontal disease and can infect the tissue around the teeth leading to gum disease (also known as gingivitis).
A City of London dentist will be able to remove the build up of calculus using special tools, and may be able to blast away large deposits of tartar using ultrasonic dental cleaning devices. They are also able to clean below the gum line using a process called scaling (sometimes known as root planning) which can help prevent gum disease.
As is always the case when it comes to looking after your teeth, if you follow some fairly simple rules you’ll be able to keep dental calculus under control and stop it causing any long-term damage to your teeth. Firstly, brush and floss every day, avoid sugary food and snacking between meals and go for regular dental check-ups with a city of London dentist every six months at least.
September 20th, 2009
Caused by acid erosion of tooth enamel, dental carries is an alternative medicinal name for tooth cavities or erosion. Bacteria builds up in the teeth forms a thin film called plaque which damages the enamel and leads to cavities. This damage can occur at various places on the tooth and between teeth. Once the enamel has been breeched bacteria infiltrates the damaged area and causes the problem to rapidly get worse. Eventually, the bacteria will erode away the pulp of the tooth meaning extensive and often painful further treatment.
The first sign of dental carries or cavities are usually teeth sensitive to hot or cold food and drinks. A visit to the dentist as early as possible could help prevent carries. If the erosion is stopped early enough it may even be possible for the tooth to repair itself.
Caries can usually be prevented by keeping plaque and bacteria to a minimum in the mouth, which can be achieved by regular brushing and flossing. Avoiding snacking in between meals and also chewing certain types of gum can also help prevent painful carries.
Once the carries have gone through the enamel the only real option for the dentist is to fill the cavity. It the cavity is significantly large enough, an artificial crown may need to be used to keep the filling in place. If the cavity has reached the pulp of the tooth this may need to be completely removed by a root canal procedure.
As is often the case with teeth, prevention is better than cure. Regular trips to a London dentist will help to prevent painful carries appearing and they will also be able to treat any that do appear to prevent further long-term problems. It is important to remember that once carries develop past the enamel, the process can not be reversed and will require dental treatment, so regular check-ups really are the answer.
September 7th, 2009
Dental lasers are taking over the traditional means of dentistry. Drills, gougers are being replaced by painless measures like lasers. They do not cause any sort of discomfort to the patients. Many people are undergoing these treatments in London. They are employed to shape up the gums and whiten up your discoloured teeth. The painless ray is very effective and does not cause any harm. The process of filling and route canalling has also been given a new look and dimension.
Now, you need not withstand the pain of injections and needles for delivering anaesthesia. The mechanism behind the process is stirring of water molecules. It leads to explosions at a microscopic level. The area gets vaporised and acts like a knife for cavities and gums. The eyes are covered by protective glasses because the stray light can damage your eyes and your mouth is filled with cotton swabs. Anaesthetic cream is applied in the mouth and laser is used to treat the desired area.
The process is very costly and time consuming too. The technology has faced many drawbacks since the day of launch. So, it’s always better to carry out under the guidance of a proper dentist. Maintain a good oral hygiene and stop the consumption of tobacco or caffeine containing products. The machines are costly too when compared with that of the traditional drills. The performance and functions of such lasers are increasing day by day. With the advent of new technologies, in few years, you will surely come across cost effective lasers too.
June 21st, 2009
Even though it may be rare to get cavities in your front teeth, you may still want white filings. For example, if you wind up with cavities in other visible teeth, you will not want unsightly silver or gold fillings to ruin your smile. When you visit a City of London dentist you can choose from a wide range of filling materials. Aside from ones that will provide a basic white colour, you can also make use of fillings that will match the exact shade of white found on each tooth.
If you decide to get white fillings, you may also want to think about having veneers, or other types of cosmetic dentistry done at the same time. In particular, this would be an ideal time to have the shape of your teeth adjusted to fit your mouth size and face shape. You may also want to have your teeth whitened so that you will be sure to get the correct shade of white for your fillings.
Depending on your situation, you may decide that you want the most durable fillings that you can get. In these cases, you may want to ask your dentist about using amalgam fillings, and then covering them over with some other material. Aside from traditional veneers, there are also removable ones that may suit your needs. You may also want to consider having a full crown installed.
Regardless of whether you choose resin fillings or some type of composite, you can have peace of mind knowing that they will not create an unsightly contrast to the rest of your teeth. In addition, many of the newer materials are almost as strong as amalgam. While you may still need to have silver coloured filings for your molars, at least any teeth that show can look as perfect as possible.
June 21st, 2009
Even though you may feel reasonably comfortable with over the counter mouth washes, your London dentist may have some formulas that will work better for your unique oral condition. For example, if you are struggling to combat halitosis or gingivitis, you may need a mouth wash that has antibacterial properties. Unfortunately, if you make use of mouth washes with alcohol in them, they will kill off the good germs, and leave room for bad ones to proliferate even faster. While these mouth washes are fairly popular, they may do more harm than good under certain conditions.
If you are having problems with cavities, you may also be interested in mouth washes that contain a higher percentage of fluoride. Depending on your situation, your dentist may also be able to give you some gels, as well as other therapies that will help reduce your current rate of tooth decay. While fluoride mouth washes tend to work best, your dentist may also have some other rinses that will be of use to you.
Without a question, if you just had your teeth cleaned, or some other type of oral procedure, you may need to use a rinse known as Chlorhexedane. This rinse will kill germs, as well as help reduce the risk of infections. Even though it will not destroy plaque, your dentist may feel that it will work better while your gums and other mouth tissues are recovering.
When regular mouth washes do not meet specific needs, you can ask your dentist about other options. Regardless of whether you are concerned about abscesses, tooth decay, or other issues, there are prescription based mouth rinses that can be of use to you. As may be expected, your dentist will advise you on how to use these washes properly, as well as let you know how long you will be able to use them.
May 9th, 2009
Despite the controversy surrounding the application of amalgam fillings because of its mercury content, many people are still going to their London dentists to have their teeth repaired with amalgam fillings.
Amalgam fillings consist of liquid mercury, silver and shavings of tin, copper or zinc.
Why are amalgam fillings still preferred over white and composite fillings?
• Fights bacteria. Amalgam is bacteriostatic, hence it prevents bacterial growth.
• Cost effective. Amalgam fillings cost much lower than white fillings which are not as durable.
• Strongest material. Amalgam has been proven to be stronger than any of the newer fillings.
• Easy application. Amalgam is easier to prepare and insert into cavities than composite fillings, hence will not take much of the patient’s time.
• Adaptable. The dentist can easily change amalgam application techniques to adapt to the needs of the patient.
• Durable. Amalgam fillings last much longer than composite fillings.
Besides, amalgam has been in use as dental fillings for the last 200 years. The British Dental Association and other U.S. dental associations have released a statement that amalgam fillings are good and safe materials to repair decayed teeth. Their arguments include the following:
• Amalgam fillings do not contain free mercury.
• A person needs 265 to 310 amalgam fillings to feel even just a slight effect of mercury toxicity.
• Mercury, when combined with other materials in a dental amalgam, changes its chemical nature and becomes inert.
• There are no controlled studies that have linked amalgam fillings to any specific medical problem.
The only thing some people do not like about amalgam fillings is the silver colour, but if you are more concerned about durability and long-lasting prevention against bacteria, you should call your London dentist and schedule an appointment for amalgam fillings.
November 9th, 2008
Oral hygiene is very crucial to oral health maintenance. At your London Dental Clinic, the dental hygienist will teach you how to properly care for your teeth and gums. Good oral hygiene practices should begin at a very early age, and a dental hygienist will demonstrate proper teeth and gum brushing, and also flossing. Then they will watch you brush and floss, and aid you in making any changes in your brushing and flossing routines. Plaque is the sticky material on your teeth that needs to be removed every day, at least twice a day. You should have a set of goals for yourself that include keeping your mouth clean, odourless, and healthy. Proper oral hygiene will help to prevent cavities, gum problems, and periodontal disease. The dental hygienist will also review your diet and obtain a dental caries index, and make some suggestions about your diet and habits that you may need to look at. So, visit your London Dental Clinic to learn how to perform proper oral health.
Here are some pointers. Use a soft or medium bristled toothbrush. Hold your brush so that it is comfortable in your hand. Place a small amount of toothpaste on the brush, wet it, and place it against your teeth and gum at a 45 degree angle, and move it back and forth in a vibrating motion. Make sure that you brush all of your teeth on both the outsides and insides. The brush should be held in a vertical position to brush your front teeth on the insides. Then scrub the biting surfaces of your teeth, and floss your teeth (even behind your last teeth, as plaque also forms there). Brush for at least 2 minutes at a time and at least twice daily.
October 11th, 2008
It is very embarrassing when your breath stinks, so your London dentist will give you advice about maintaining fresh breath. There are many things that you can do at home to keep your breath fresh and clean. These include, watching what you eat as some foods make your breath smell bad, and the poor breath doesn’t resolve itself until these foods are metabolised by your body and expired into the air. Use fluoride-based toothpaste when you brush, and you should brush for at least two minutes and also floss, twice daily. Try to avoid mouthwashes if your breadth begins to smell, as these can possibly make the situation even worse. Mouthwashes usually remove the bacteria in your mouth above your gum tissue, and you can get an overgrowth of sulphur-producing bacteria below your gums that smell even worse. If your mouth is dry, you can use sugarless candies or sugarless gum to stimulate your saliva to wash away bacteria.
You should visit your London dentist for regular checkups, even if you feel that nothing in your mouth requires attention. You may have a cavity or cavities that you do not notice yourself that can cause bad breath, or an infected tooth or teeth. You may also have gum and/or periodontal problems that you will not notice until they get very severe and cause you pain. This can cause bad breath. Also, lifestyle changes can help you to keep your breadth fresh and clean. If you smoke, consider quitting. Try to cut down on alcohol consumption as it has been shown to be associated with periodontal disease. If you are taking medications for medical problems, and your mouth is dry, visit your dentist and see what can be done. There are several things that they can do and/or prescribe for your problem. All in all, stay in good health, and the mouth is not separate from the rest of the body, so visit your London dentist regularly.
September 7th, 2008
Dental implants are among the most successful procedures used to replace missing teeth. Studies have shown a greater than 90% five-year success rate. Even though there are a number of other restorative options available for the treatment of missing teeth, dental implants in London have proven to be functionally effective and durable. In countless cases, dental implants may be the choice for the restoration of all required functioning of the teeth and their supporting structures. Dental implants are more natural looking, and stronger and more durable than their restorative counterparts (bridges, removable partial and full dentures) and offer a more permanent solution to tooth loss. Implants can be used for single tooth or multiple teeth replacement(s), and can also be used to stabilize partial or full dentures. Your dentist will decide which type and how many dental implants are required to obtain the optimal result.Any dentist trained in the placement of implants can perform this procedure; however the patient may be referred to a dental specialist. A dental team approach usually provides the patient with the best results. Successful implants require that all parties involved; the patient, and the dental team, outline and follow a careful plan of treatment and stay in close contact with each other to make sure the patient’s expectations are met.
Dental implants are mostly composed of a titanium material screw and a crown. A small-diameter hole (pilot hole) is drilled where the implant is to be placed to effectively guide the titanium screw that holds a dental implant in place. To avoid damaging vital jaw and face structures, the dentist must use great skill and expertise when boring the pilot hole and sizing the jaw bone. For best results the dentist usually performs a comprehensive oral examination, X-rays and even a CT-Scan (a three-dimensional jaw scan), to ensure ideal dental implant placement.
Implants are typically placed in a single sitting but require a period of osteointegration; a process by which the jaw bone attached to the implant. Osteointegrated implants are the most universally used and successful dental implants. These implants take anywhere from three to six months to anchor and heal. Once significant osteointegration occurs, the restorative procedure can be completed. In contrast, if osteointegration does not occur, the implant will fail. Dental implants must also be cleaned regularly, as peri-implantitis (oral bone loss) can occur around them causing them to fail. On the plus side, dental implants are not susceptible to the formation of cavities.
August 29th, 2008
London’s many dentists keep telling their patients that all it takes to reduce visits to them is regular oral hygiene. Yes it is as simple as that! Most dental problems like tooth decay and gum diseases start from plaque and bacteria buildup that starts due to irregular cleaning of your teeth. Thanks to our busy life and 24X7 food temptations in London, we often forget to regularly brush our teeth twice a day, floss them once a day and use antiseptic mouthwash to keep our mouth bacteria free. A good routine of oral hygiene almost always prevents plaque buildup. Plaque is the sticky film of food and bacteria that builds on our teeth due to insufficient teeth cleaning. This plaque invades our tooth’s many crevices and fissures; generating harmful acids that slowly corrode or decay, the tooth’s protective enamel surface – causing cavities (holes) in it. That’s not all, as this problematic plaque often irritates the gum and could cause a painful gum disease and even tooth loss. The fluoride-in-your toothpaste and drinking water does prevent some plaque buildup. There are also many popular dental treatments available in London that help your teeth. Some of the ‘easy to implement treatments’ include sealant application, fluoride treatments and scaling (scraping off hardened plaque / tartar). As a precautionary measure dentists like to conduct cancer screening tests using x-ray imaging. According to a recent survey 56% dentists said that most of their patients were not sufficiently worried about tooth decay and were ignorant about tooth cancer too. It is time you became more careful about your forgotten teeth and its many ailments that arise out of your own carelessness.