November 8th, 2008
London dentists may recommend a dental crown for many reasons including but not limited to; restoration of your tooth to its original shape (usually following extensive tooth decay or damage), or for cosmetic reasons. Dental crowns replace the original outer surface of the tooth, usually above the gum line, but in some cases they may have to be extended below the gum line. Dental crowns are usually made up of metal (gold or other metal alloy), porcelain (a type of ceramic), or both (i.e., porcelain fused to gold/metal).
Severely broken-down or decayed teeth usually require full coverage. Your London dentist will use local anaesthesia to numb the tooth and surrounding area, and will then remove the enamel of your tooth and some of the dentin layer (i.e., substructure). This will be performed using special drills. When your London dentist is pleased with the result, he will place a gingival cord around your tooth in order to take an accurate impression of the tooth preparation. The dentist will then take an impression using some type of dental putty, an opposing impression, a bite registration, and will choose a shade for the tooth from a shade-guide. These will all be sent to the laboratory in order to pour models that will replicate your mouth upon which the dental crown can be made. A temporary crown will be made by the dentist to protect the tooth from sensitivity and keep it and the surrounding teeth from shifting. The dentist will cement the temporary crown and you receive a follow-up appointment in about 2 weeks to have your final crown inserted. If you want a crown for cosmetic dental purposes, your London dentist will review other alternatives available to you before making the crown.
November 8th, 2008
People lose their teeth for many reasons, including neglect and genetics. London dentists can use dentures to replace these teeth. Edentulism (lack of teeth) is correlated with lower self-esteem and life quality. Adults who are missing their teeth, are also less likely to attend social functions due to embarrassment, and don’t want to eat, speak, or smile in public. Missing teeth can affect facial support and lead to drooping cheeks. This can make you look many years older than your true age. By wearing a well designed denture, made by your London dentist, you can feel confident and improve your lifestyle without worrying about what people think.
Dentures are dental appliances that can be removed that will replace your missing teeth, and are fabricated individually for each patient. They help the patient look, feel, and function well. They look very realistic and should fit comfortably. Several types of dentures include partial and full dentures. Partial dentures are fabricated if some teeth remain and they are in good condition. Partial dentures are clasped onto existing sound teeth and will keep the denture and the teeth from shifting. Your London dentist can supply many cosmetic choices when replacing missing teeth.
Full upper dentures create suction with the palate that will hold it in place. Full lower dentures don’t use really use suction to keep them secure. This is because the mouth and tongue muscles are moving during speech and eating. A denture adhesive may have to be used to keep full lower dentures in place. That’s why it is important to keep your teeth if at all possible. Your London dentist may have other options for you. Dental implants or miniature denture implants (MDIs) can be placed into your oral bone, and your dentures can be snapped into place securely. Dentures secured by dental implants or MDIs will give you a more secure feeling and you won’t have to use denture adhesive or be nervous that your dentures will be loose or fall out, consequently improving your confidence in both private and public situations.
Make sure to keep your dentures clean. Remove them while you sleep to rest your soft tissues. Brush your dentures with a special denture brush when you remove them, and soak them in cold water. You can also buy cleaning tablets for your dentures to add to the water. DON’T USE BLEACH! Brush the dentures prior to placing them back into your mouth. If the denture contains a lot of calculus build-up and debris that you are having trouble removing, visit your London dentist to have your dentures cleaned properly. It’s important for you to have regular dental check-ups, even if you don’t have any natural teeth in your mouth. They will check your soft tissues and implants if you have any, and also check for oral cancer. If there is shrinkage of the gums and underlying bone, your London dentist will reline your denture to make sure that it fits more snug. Loss dentures can cause gum sores and irritation. Dentures last quite awhile if properly maintained. However, your London dentist may suggest a new denture if your denture is very old and defective.
November 8th, 2008
You may decide that you want a smile makeover, or at least see what is involved in a smile makeover. Well, visit your London Dental Clinic. You will meet with a dentist and speak with them about the smile makeover. The dentist will perform an oral examination, and a smile analysis, and come up with a plan tailored specifically to your treatment needs and desired cosmetic outcome. The London dentist will explain the best possible results that can be obtained, and will also tailor a plan to fit your budget. Several procedures including teeth whitening, dental bonding, porcelain or Lumineer veneers, dental crowns and/or bridges, orthodontics, and gingival recontouring will be discussed, and if necessary, maxillofacial surgery.
If you are interested in going ahead with the smile makeover, then an all-inclusive oral examination will be performed to decide on the proper plan of action. This examination will include a complete dental charting, including X-rays, study models and intraoral photographs. It will be well worth the time and money to take care of your dental disease(s) prior to performing the smile makeover.
What’s involved in the smile makeover? Your London dentist will go over the procedure(s) with you, until you are sure that you understand. Smile makeovers can be rather straight forward or can be more complicated, depending on what procedure(s) you and your dentist decide upon. Besides your teeth, your face, skin, hair colour and shape, gums, and lips, all need to be considered. Sometimes opening a bite that has collapsed over the years can remove years and wrinkles from the face. Proper functioning of the TMJs is to be maintained. Your London dentist will review all of these procedures with you!
October 26th, 2008
White fillings are another name for composite fillings that are used instead of amalgam dental fillings in your back teeth. They do not contain mercury or metal, and therefore will not stain the tooth they are placed in, adjacent teeth, or the gum tissue. They look great, and are natural in appearance. Your London dentist can match the surrounding tooth structure with the many shades available. These composite fillings are used in situations where tooth decay exists and is properly removed, or if the tooth is damaged.
The restoration technique for composites is more complex than for amalgams, however do not require the same amount of tooth structure removal as amalgam fillings do in many cases. Your dentist will numb the area of your where he is working, and remove the decay and weakened parts of the tooth. Next your dentist will place a base, so as not to damage the tooth’s pulp. The tooth is then etched, and washed and dried. An unfilled resin material is then placed so that it flows into all areas of the tooth preparation. Next, the composite is placed in layers, if necessary so that it can be hardened (i.e., cured) with a special light. These lights only penetrate the composite to a certain distance. So, if the cavity preparation is deep, the composite needs to be placed appropriately so it will harden. Then the composite is shaped using drills, polishing stones and rubber wheels. The mouth must be kept dry while placing the composite.
October 26th, 2008
The dental hygienist is a very integral part of the London treatment team. They help you to keep your mouth healthy. They are specially trained to clean your gums, and guide you in the prevention of dental caries and gum disease. Proper oral hygiene is the foundation of keeping your mouth healthy. Good oral hygiene needs to be addressed from a very early age, and our hygienists are very kind and work all age groups. During your initial visit to the hygienist, they will perform an intraoral examination of your mouth, and chart any gum irregularities and tooth decay. The dentist will then re-perform the examination as a double check. That way our dental team is sure that nothing is missed. The hygienist will then get the go ahead to clean your teeth and gums. Depending on the extent of your dental plaque/calculus, this could take one or two visits.
The dental hygienist, will also show you how to keep your teeth and gums clean, and your mouth healthy. They will evaluate your brushing and flossing methods, and help you to make any needed adjustments. This way you can help to remove plaque bacteria from your mouth, and maintain good oral health. Plaque is that sticky material that adheres to your teeth. The goals are to keep your mouth clean, odourless, and healthy. More specifically, to prevent further problems in your mouth due to dental caries, gum disease, and periodontal disease. The dental hygienist will also review any necessary dietary changes and lifestyle changes that need to be addressed. Therefore, it is important for you to make an appointment and come in and see our dental hygienists and dentists here in London.
October 18th, 2008
A dental abscess can cause pain, swelling and redness of the gums, bad breath, draining pus, and a temperature. If you have a bad toothache and/or are experiencing any of the above symptoms, call and visit your London dental clinic immediately. A dental abscess results from an infection either within the tooth itself, and immediately adjacent to the tooth/teeth in the gum tissue and/or supporting bone. If not treated, more serious problems can result, such as a cellulitis. This will cause massive swelling to that area of your face and can be life-threatening. The treatment may include root canal therapy and/or gum surgery to resolve the infections. Antibiotics will be prescribed, and possibly pain medication if the pain is severe. A dental abscess can result in tooth loss if not treated immediately!
The first thing your dentist will do is to examine your mouth and take the appropriate X-rays, so that they can determine which tooth or teeth are involved. There are also other tests that can be performed, such as percussion, heat and cold tests, and electrical stimulation tests to see if the tooth is dead. Your bite will also be checked to make sure that the pain is not caused by your tooth/teeth touching prematurely or at a wrong angle to each other. The dental abscess may be too far progressed to save the tooth, in which case the tooth/teeth will require removal. If an infection is present, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to clear up the infection before the tooth is removed. If this is not done, the infection may spread through the blood system. In addition, your dentist will place an ice-pack on your face and have you rinse with warm-salt-water (e.g., one teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of warm water). There are things that you can do to prevent a dental abscess, which include brushing and flossing your teeth, and avoided sugary snacks between meals. Visit your London dental clinic regularly to prevent getting a dental abscess.
October 11th, 2008
It is very embarrassing when your breath stinks, so your London dentist will give you advice about maintaining fresh breath. There are many things that you can do at home to keep your breath fresh and clean. These include, watching what you eat as some foods make your breath smell bad, and the poor breath doesn’t resolve itself until these foods are metabolised by your body and expired into the air. Use fluoride-based toothpaste when you brush, and you should brush for at least two minutes and also floss, twice daily. Try to avoid mouthwashes if your breadth begins to smell, as these can possibly make the situation even worse. Mouthwashes usually remove the bacteria in your mouth above your gum tissue, and you can get an overgrowth of sulphur-producing bacteria below your gums that smell even worse. If your mouth is dry, you can use sugarless candies or sugarless gum to stimulate your saliva to wash away bacteria.
You should visit your London dentist for regular checkups, even if you feel that nothing in your mouth requires attention. You may have a cavity or cavities that you do not notice yourself that can cause bad breath, or an infected tooth or teeth. You may also have gum and/or periodontal problems that you will not notice until they get very severe and cause you pain. This can cause bad breath. Also, lifestyle changes can help you to keep your breadth fresh and clean. If you smoke, consider quitting. Try to cut down on alcohol consumption as it has been shown to be associated with periodontal disease. If you are taking medications for medical problems, and your mouth is dry, visit your dentist and see what can be done. There are several things that they can do and/or prescribe for your problem. All in all, stay in good health, and the mouth is not separate from the rest of the body, so visit your London dentist regularly.
September 11th, 2008
Dental crowns, also referred to as “dental or tooth caps,” envelop the visible section of the tooth that lies above the gum line, and may even be extended slightly below the gum line, depending on the extent of the dental decay and/or support required by the affected tooth. A London-based dentist might recommend inserting a dental crown using numerous rationale, however the majority of these typically include the following; restoration of a tooth to its unique form and function, and for aesthetic reasons.
Dental crowns become the new external tooth shell, and are made-up of many types of materials including; all porcelain (a type of ceramic), metal (gold or other metal alloy), or a combination of both (i.e., porcelain fused to gold/metal, with the gold/metal being the undersurface of the crown and the porcelain being baked onto the gold/metal and shaped to replicate the tooth).
A broken-down, extremely worn, or extremely decayed tooth, generally require a full crown to properly restore the tooth. Local anesthesia is used when the dentist prepares a tooth for a crown. The remaining tooth enamel and some of the dentin layer (i.e., second layer) of the tooth is prepared using a variety of diamond drills, with the walls of the tooth kept in a parallel orientation to help with the crown retention. When an adequate amount of tooth structure is removed and the dentist is pleased with the preparation, gingival cord is packed around the tooth so that an impression can be made of what is left of the tooth. The dentist then sends this impression, an opposing impression, and bite registration to the lab, so that they can fabricate a dental crown. The dentist writes the instructions on a laboratory prescription so that the laboratory knows exactly what the dentist needs and also the proper shade of the tooth. The finished product is sent back to the dentist, and the dentist then cements the crown in place, and adjusts your bite properly. There are many other methods to improve your dental aesthetics, and these should be presented to you by your dentist before you decide that you want your front teeth prepared into peg-like structures for cosmetic reasons.
September 11th, 2008
In London, your dentist will properly care for your dental needs to prevent calculus from forming on your teeth. Some dental plaques mature into dental calculus. Some people do not form calculus, others form only moderate amounts, and still others form heavy amounts. Before supragingival plaque (above the gums) mineralizes to form dental calculus, you can remove it with proper oral hygiene. As the plaque matures, it becomes more resistant to removal with a toothbrush, and significantly more pressure is required for its removal. Once dental calculus is formed, your London dentist, using professional instrumentation needs to remove it; you can no longer remove it.Calculus itself is not harmful; however calculus needs to be removed because its presence makes routine oral hygiene more difficult or even impossible and it may contribute to greater plaque accumulation and stagnation. Calculus formation is related to the fact that saliva is saturated with calcium and phosphate ions as well as other ions, such as magnesium, zinc, fluoride, and carbonate. Supragingival calculus that forms on the tooth crown frequently developing opposite the duct orifices (openings) of the major salivary glands and is often found where saliva pools on the lingual surfaces of the mandibular incisors. It can also form in the grooves of the tooth (called fissures). Subgingival calculus forms from calcium phosphate and organic materials derived from blood serum which contributes to its mineralization, and may be darker in appearance.
Local factors, behavioral and systemic conditions affect calculus formation. Conversely, medications such as beta-blockers, diuretics, and anticholinergics can result in significant reduced levels of calculus. The medications are either excreted directly into the saliva affecting the rate of crystallization, or they alter the composition of the saliva, and as a result indirectly affected calculus formation.
August 29th, 2008
Ultrasonic dental cleanings is one of the most effective and instant ways of cleaning teeth. It is a more advanced form of scaling and stain removal. All through the ultrasonic cleaning, the dentist utilizes an apparatus called an ultrasonic scaler or Cavitron®. The Cavitron® disseminates ultrasonic vibrations in the mouth cavity which results in a blow up of tartar and calculus. It emits sound waves that act upon the obstinate calculus so that it splits away from your teeth.
In London Chlorhexidine antiseptic is used in Ultrasonic dental cleanings. The ultrasonic cleaners do not entirely purge the requirement to utilize regular scalers, nevertheless they definitely lessen their service. In case you have a periodontal disease or stained teeth, then ultrasonic cleaning is the finest approach for a good oral hygiene.
With the advent of time, the bacteria make colonies on your teeth and settle there while developing solid sediments of scale. This may perhaps lead to tooth decay if not acted upon appropriately.
In case your gums are bleeding then surely plaque or calculus is the cause behind it. The bacteria present in your mouth cavity will inflame the tissues and your gingival will carry on losing blood. The process will not stop unless you remove the fragments or stain established over your teeth.
There are scores of places in between the teeth which are not accessible by plain scaling. Here the bacteria assail the adjacent gums and the bone tissues; even leading to a tooth loss. Ultrasonic cleaning is exercised to remove calculus from below the gums.