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Dental Injuries in Children

Children's dental injuries are quite common due to their boundless energy and love of exploration as they develop physically and mentally. However, dental emergencies may arise that are highly traumatic to the child.

Receiving emergency dental care as soon as possible is vital for the child's oral and overall health. Ensuring teeth are restored and gums treated for infection-free growth allows children to develop healthy dental and oral structures. Bite function, nutritional intake, communication ability, facial expression and confidence depend on it.

For children who fear dentists and dentistry, dental phobia treatment is provided to give added calmness, particularly in emergency care situations when anxiety may obstruct treatment.

Dental trauma can result in a lot of blood that looks worse than it actually is. The emotional trauma may rise and impact how children feel about future oral treatments. Contacting an emergency dentist immediately can prevent trauma escalation and provide the needed relief to reduce anxiety and pain.

If proper dental care is not received for a childhood dental emergency, the child may develop dental problems affecting their ability to pronounce words and express themselves. Later dental and health issues may arise in adulthood that requires more extensive and costly treatment.

Childhood Tooth Loss or Dental Avulsion

It is normal for children to lose milk teeth and gradually develop permanent teeth on the upper and lower jaws. Healthy teeth development is important to allow children to receive balanced nutrition, express themselves clearly and feel confident about the way they look.

Dental trauma and injury may negatively impact these aspects of child development. Contacting an emergency dentist and having the dental problem immediately treated reduces trauma associated with the event. It also allows children to be professionally treated so the dental problem does not develop into adulthood or cause further health complications.

Children are vulnerable to oral trauma as they grow and need adults or guardians to ensure their permanent teeth develop properly; without bite problems, jaw disorders or tooth decay. Leaving irregularly spaced or misaligned teeth untreated can lead to malocclusion or jaw disorders that affect the individual's quality of life. Orthodontic treatment with braces may be required.

Toddlers often hurt themselves on sharp edges or hard surfaces. By buffering these with soft coverings injury and dental trauma may be reduced. Adults and guardians have a responsibility to protect a child's oral health. If a permanent tooth is knocked out or avulsed, saving the tooth is important and can be accomplished by visiting a dentist for re-attachment. Using a temporary emergency dental kit may help while contacting an emergency dentist for an appointment.

Children often enjoy chewing toffees and sweets. Moderating sugar intake can reduce toothache, tooth decay and tooth loss. Fillings are often pulled out when sticky sweets are chewed and children are at high risk of filling loss. Using an emergency dental kit and sealing the tooth cavity with dental cement can prevent infection before professional dental care is received.

Dental Treatments for Older Children

Older children who already have their permanent set of teeth may need an avulsed tooth re-implanted to restore dental structure. Saving the tooth and re-inserting it back into the tooth socket enables the gum tissue to reattach and grow back into its normal, healthy position. Where a tooth is entirely lost a dental restoration may be recommended to fill the missing tooth gap.

Childhood Dental Emergencies

When dental injuries occur parents and guardians respond differently. Where some understand the importance of receiving emergency dental care, others may let fear or monetary concerns stand in the way. Childhood dental injuries require immediate emergency dental care for the child's oral and overall health.

Preventing Escalation of Dental Emergencies

Leaving the condition untreated or self-treating the emergency and not seeking professional dental care can lead to dental problems and ill-health later in life, which is far more harmful and costly to treat. Certain dental emergencies in children escalate into medical emergencies that may become life-threatening. Taking the right step to contact an emergency dentist prevents accumulated oral trauma and lowers the risk of medical emergency.

Childhood dental emergencies can restrict breathing or cause head injuries as well as oral trauma. Therefore, it is vital to get help for the child and to have the injury assessed for proper professional care. Oral injuries may prevent children from eating healthily and getting the nutrients their bodies need. Oral infections are easily treated with antibiotics prescribed by a dentist or doctor where necessary.

Preventing Toothache, Infection and Tooth Decay

Dentists try to make parents, carers and guardians aware of what constitutes a childhood medical emergency. Typical incidents requiring urgent child dental care are an infected or broken tooth. Toothache may be an indicator of spreading tooth decay that can lead to tooth loss and ill-health. Regular dental check-ups allow dentists to monitor children for signs of tooth cavities and decay, and provide preventative dental care.

Dentists also play a role in teaching children how to maintain oral hygiene at home; to brush teeth properly and floss to remove food debris and sticky plaque after meals and before sleep. When childhood oral hygiene is neglected tooth decay may develop. Monitoring moderate sugar and acid intake also helps to prevent tooth decay.

Treating Children for Chipped and Fractured Teeth

Children do chip and fracture teeth as they grow and explore their world. They have accidents and injuries where teeth can become sensitive and painful. Emergency dental kits may contain dental cement to temporarily seal a tooth crack, chip or fracture. However, prevention of infection is best sought from a dental professional so the child enjoys healthy oral function.

Where infection has set in within dental pulp or the root canals, a dentist may recommend root canal treatment. This is done to eradicate the infection and save the existing tooth. Oral infection in children needs to be halted immediately to preserve natural dental structure.

Mouth Guards for Young People

Adolescents and young people involved in contact sports may experience oral injury if they do not wear a mouth guard to protect their teeth and gums. Dentists now provide a range of mouth guards and shields to meet the needs of children and young sports people. A mouth guard can prevent dental emergencies and allow young people to develop healthy bite function.

Preventing Child Dental Emergencies

Children cannot be shielded from all accidents and injuries. But parents, carers and guardians can take steps to reduce the risk of children's dental emergencies by:

  • Following the advice of dentists to improve child oral health
  • Ensuring the child has regular dental check-ups
  • Teaching a child to maintain oral hygiene properly at home
  • Encouraging an older child to wear a mouth guard for sports
  • Giving a child balanced nutrition
  • Having an emergency dental kit on hand for temporary care
  • Contacting an emergency dentist for treatment

Once children get used to receiving dental care and practising proper teeth brushing and flossing, they become more aware of their oral health and the need to prevent oral injury. Children learn from adults to take care of their teeth and gums. For further information on how best to teach oral care to a child or for child dental care, get in touch with our clinic by phone or email. We provide a 24 hour emergency dental care service for children's dental emergencies.

Baker Street

Dental Clinic

Dr Watson Chambers 102 Baker Street London, W1U 6FY

020 8563 8063

Liverpool Street

Dental Clinic

9 Artillery Lane, London E1 7LP

0207 247 7151

Earls Court

Dental Clinic

221 - 225 Old Brompton Rd, Earls Court, Kensington London SW5 0EA

020 7370 0055

Kings Cross

LDN Dental

34 Caledonian Road, London N1 9DT

0207 278 6362