Emergency dentists often treat children and adults who suffer with toothache and severe tooth pain. The toothache and pain may arise for a number of reasons that only a professional dentist can identify and recommend treatment for.
Toothache and pain can often be prevented by treating the underlying cause. Attending regular six-month appointments enable dentists to evaluate the patient’s oral health condition and treat dental and gum disorders, before they cause toothache and oral pain.
Accessing Dental Care for Toothache
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The symptoms of toothache may be temporarily treated through an emergency dental kit while an emergency dentist is contacted for treatment. These temporary measures should not be used as a long term solution, nor should painkillers be repetitively used as a professional dental treatment replacement.
Some dentists do not have long waiting lists and immediate dental care can be provided through fast-tracked appointments, particularly where the individual is an existing patient. Having a toothache treated early can prevent severe toothache, further dental trauma and a dental emergency.
The dentist first assesses oral condition and the cause of the toothache. Pain may be experienced throughout the jaw and face. Therefore, diagnostic screening tests are necessary to locate the source of pain. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the cause of the toothache.
The following treatments may be used for the treatment of toothache:
Professional teeth cleaning
Dental fillings, inlays and onlays to fill tooth cavities
Night mouth guards to prevent teeth grinding
Proper cleaning of orthodontic devices and dentures
Composite white filler or dental crowns
Orthodontic braces to correct teeth misalignment
Gum regeneration and contouring to treat gum recession
Root canal treatment to remove infection
Tooth extraction to prevent spread of infection
Tooth restorations to restore damaged teeth
Dental implants to replace missing tooth roots
Crowns, bridges and dentures to replace missing teeth
Home dental hygiene may not remove all plaque and tartar build-up that harms tooth structure.
Therefore, professional dental cleaning is best sought to remove debris from areas between teeth where the toothbrush and floss cannot reach.
Similarly, cleaning dental and orthodontic devices properly can prevent plaque and bacteria from developing in the mouth.
Amalgam metal fillings are replaced by tooth-coloured white composite fillings for an improvement in aesthetics. White fillings can restore tooth structure, shape and colour. Veneers and Lumineers may be used to cover teeth for a more natural, white and symmetrical teeth appearance.
Dental crowns are made from a range of materials such as ceramics, porcelain, resin, gold and zirconium. These materials are durable and serve as natural looking teeth for healthy chewing function.
Orthodontic braces are the primary means of aligning mild to severe tooth structural conditions for proper bite function and improved facial expression. There are a range of modern dental braces to choose from and these are designed to be near-invisible and prevent the stigma associated with traditional metal braces.
Root canal treatment is provided to remove painful infection, prevent spread of infection and save the tooth where possible. However, if tooth extraction is necessary artificial teeth replacement options are available to choose from, including dental implants, crowns, bridges and dentures.
Ultimately, dentists provide guidance on preventing tooth decay and tooth damage so individuals may have a reduced risk of suffering toothache and not go through extensive and costly dental treatment. When toothache arises it is better to get early dental treatment or emergency dental care to prevent the condition from worsening.
The risk of experiencing toothache can be reduced by timely dental care and good oral hygiene practice. Preventing the causes of toothache means the individual can lower the likelihood of having toothache and needing emergency care. Steps that should be followed to reduce the risk of toothache include:
Maintaining oral hygiene to prevent tooth decay
Consuming a healthy balanced diet, exercising, moderating alcohol intake and not smoking
Having professional teeth cleaning
Attending regular dental appointments to monitor oral health
Seeking immediate dental care for oral trauma, toothache and other dental concerns
Wearing a mouth guard to prevent teeth grinding or a sports mouth guard to ward off oral injury
Having orthodontic braces and dentures professionally repaired when broken
Not using temporary dental repair kits long term
Although these steps may lower the risk of getting toothache, other steps need to be followed to immediately treat a toothache before emergency or professional dental care is received. These steps can include:
Place an ice-pack over the area of the face where the toothache is experienced to reduce pain
Use painkillers as advised through the manufacturer leaflet
Apply clove oil to an infected tooth with some cotton wool
Temporarily fill a cavity with some sugar free gum or dental wax or cement from an emergency dental repair kit
Apply teeth desensitising gel to the tooth surface